Seoul Journal of Economics - Vol. 22 , No. 1

[ Article ]
Seoul Journal of Economics - Vol. 22, No. 1, pp. 95-121
Abbreviation: SJE
ISSN: 1225-0279 (Print)
Print publication date 28 Feb 2009
Received 18 Nov 2008 Revised 28 Jan 2009

A Comparative Estimation of Financial Frictions in Japan and Korea
Keisuke Otsu ; Hak K. Pyo
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Liberal Arts, Sophia University, 7-1 Kioi-cho Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8554, Japan, Tel: +81-3-3238-4055, Fax: +81-3-3238-4076 (k-otsu@sophia.ac.jp)
Professor, Department of Economics, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-746, Korea, Tel: +82-2-880-6395, Fax: +82-2-886-4231 (pyohk@plaza.snu.ac.kr)

JEL Classification: E12, E32


We apply the Business Cycle Accounting method a la Chari, Kehoe, and McGrattan (2007) to the Japanese and the Korean economy and quantitatively analyze the effects of financial frictions during the recent recessions. First, we compute exogenous distortions in the financial, government purchases, labor, and production markets. The preliminary results show that the sudden drop in production efficiency (TFP) was the main reason of the Korean recession while the increase in labor market distortions was the main reason of the Japanese slump. Next, we orthogonalize the innovations to the distortions and quantify the maximum spill-over effects of financial frictions on output fluctuations in both countries following Christiano and Davis (2006). Our results imply that financial frictions may have been important in explaining the recessions in both countries through their effects on TFP and labor market distortions.

Keywords: Business cycle accounting, TFP, Financial frictions


Paper presented at Seoul Journal of Economics International Symposium held at Seoul National University, Seoul, 27 November 2008. We thank Jongkyu Park, Se-Jik Kim and participants of workshops at Keio University and Hosei University for helpful comments.

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